Genetically modified food
Genetically modified (GMO) food is produced on the basis of GMO-organisms. GMO-organisms, for example GMO maize, soy or cole differ from genetically unchanged plants (organisms) due to a part of DNA chain that is introduced into their nuclear DNA, as a result of which GMO maize, soy or other plant (organism) may acquire congenial qualities. For example, a pest-resistant maize plant contains the DNA-chain, due to which the maize plant itself shall destroy the pests, which would be, in normal conditions, able to destroy the plants. So fewer plants are injured and the yield is enhanced. With the aid of genetic modifying plants that contain more nutrients or produce some usual substances etc. can be created as well.
Novel food is the food that has not been consumed broadly in the European Union before 1997. Novel food may contain food commodities produced by innovative technologies, the structure or nutritional composition of which has been changed, as well as plants, fungi or microorganisms that have not been earlier used as food.